Predict the product and draw the mechanism of its formation. Include lone pairs and charges in your answer. Using wedges and dashes to indicate the stereochemistry as necessary. Do not use abbreviations such as Me or Ph in your drawings. Do not explicitly draw any hydrogen atoms in any of your products.


Screenshot 2024 01 26 133908

Screenshot 2024 01 26 133908

Step 1 of 2

Given is the predict the product and draw the mechanism of its formation. Include lone pairs and charges in answers. Using wedges and dashes to indicate the stereochemistry as necessary. Do not use abbreviations and hydrogen atoms in products.

OCH31.NaCN2.H2O

We found out the mechanism and product of this reaction stepwise.

Explanation:

It occurs in two steps and it is oxirane ring opening reaction. Here we use the concept of more stable carbocation formation.

Step 2 of 2

As this is ring opening reaction and stabilize in the direction of the more stable carbocation formation.

As we know that 30carbocation >20 carbocation > 10 carbocation so, our reaction proceeds with the formation of more stable product with 30 carbocation.

OCH3CN-OOCN-CH31.2.OCN-CH3-H+HOCN-CH33-hydroxy 2-methyl propane nitrile

Final solution

As seen the final product formed is 3-hydroxy 2-methyl propane nitrile.

  1. a) Write the chemical formula for nitrous acid.

Write the chemical formula for gold(III) chloride.

  1. b) Write the chemical formula for platinum(IV) oxide.

Write the chemical formula for cadmium acetate.

Step 1 of 2

Given data: compound name is given as nitrous acid, gold(III) chloride, platinum(IV) oxide, cadmium acetate.

 

Find:

  1. a) Write the chemical formula for nitrous acid.

Write the chemical formula for gold(III) chloride.

 

  1. b) Write the chemical formula for platinum(IV) oxide.

Write the chemical formula for cadmium acetate.

Explanation:

Determine the chemical formula using the steps.

 

Step 2 of 2

Steps to determine the chemical formula:

  1. Find the empirical formula. Get the mass of each element by assuming a certain overall mass for the sample (100 g is a good mass to assume when working with percentages).
  2. Find the mass of the empirical unit.
  3. Figure out how many empirical units are in a molecular unit.
  4. Write the molecular formula.
  5. a) Nitrous acid: HNO2​

Gold(III) chloride: AuCl3​

 

  1. b) Platinum(IV) oxide: PtO2​

Cadmium acetate: Cd(CH3​COO)2​ or Cd(C2​H3​O2​)2

Explanation:

Using the above steps we can calculate the chemical formulas.

Final solution
  1. a) The chemical formula for nitrous acid is HNO2⋅

The chemical formula for gold(III) chloride is AuCl3⋅

 

  1. b) The chemical formula for platinum(IV) oxide is PtO2⋅

The chemical formula for cadmium acetate is Cd(C2H3O2)2.

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