For the following reactions, write out which side of the reaction is favored: the reactants (left side) or the products (right side).


For the following reactions, write out which side of the reaction is favoredthe reactants (left side) or the products (right side).

a. m-nitroaniline + HCl

b. conjugate acid of m-nitroaniline + NaOH

c. benzoic acid + NaHCO3

d. conjugate base of benzoic acid + HCl

Step 1 of 2

Given data:

  1. m-nitroaniline + HCl
  2. conjugate acid of m-nitroaniline + NaOH
  3. benzoic acid + NaHCO3
  4. conjugate base of benzoic acid + HCl

Find: write out which side of the reaction is favored: the reactants (left side) or the products (right side).

Explanation:

we can analyze the nature of the reactants and products, considering acid-base properties and solubility rules.

Step 2 of 2

To determine which side of the reaction is favored, we need to consider the nature of the reactants and products and their relative stability. The side of the reaction that is favored will have the more stable species.

Let’s analyze each reaction:

a. m-nitroaniline + HCl

Since HCl is a strong acid, it will completely dissociate in water, favoring the formation of m-nitroaniline hydrochloride. Therefore, the right side (products) is favored.

b. Conjugate acid of m-nitroaniline + NaOH

Since NaOH is a strong base, it will completely dissociate in water, favoring the formation of m-nitroaniline. Therefore, the right side (products) is favored.

c. Benzoic acid+NaHCO3​

+

The reaction involves the neutralization of benzoic acid with bicarbonate (NaHCO3​). The product, sodium benzoate, is soluble in water. Therefore, the right side (products) is favored.

d. Conjugate base of benzoic acid + HCl

+

Since HCl is a strong acid, it will completely dissociate, favoring the formation of benzoic acid. Therefore, the right side (products) is favored.

Explanation:

To determine which side of a reaction is favored (reactants or products), we can analyze the nature of the reactants and products, considering acid-base properties and solubility rules.

Final solution

In summary:

  • For reactions a, b, c, and d, the right side (products) is favored.

 

 

 

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