Predict the product and draw the mechanism of its formation. Include lone pairs and charges in your answer. Using wedges and dashes to indicate the stereochemistry as necessary. Do not use abbreviations such as Me or Ph in your drawings. Do not explicitly draw any hydrogen atoms in any of your products.


Screenshot 2024 01 15 220847

Screenshot 2024 01 15 220847

Step 1 of 2

Given is the predict the product and draw the mechanism of its formation. Include lone pairs and charges in answers. Using wedges and dashes to indicate the stereochemistry as necessary. Do not use abbreviations and hydrogen atoms in products.

OCH31.NaCN2.H2O

We found out the mechanism and product of this reaction stepwise.

Explanation:

It occurs in two steps and it is oxirane ring opening reaction. Here we use the concept of more stable carbocation formation.

Step 2 of 2

As this is ring opening reaction and stabilize in the direction of the more stable carbocation formation.

As we know that 30carbocation >20 carbocation > 10 carbocation so, our reaction proceeds with the formation of more stable product with 30 carbocation.

OCH3CN-OOCN-CH31.2.OCN-CH3-H+HOCN-CH33-hydroxy 2-methyl propane nitrile

Final solution

As seen the final product formed is 3-hydroxy 2-methyl propane nitrile.

 

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